Volgograd (Волгоград) is located in the southwest (European part) of the Russian Federation, on the western bank of the Volga River. It has a population of 1.01 million with an area of 565 square kilometers, which is the important industrial and cultural centre as well as the transportation hub of water, land, and air of southern Russia. Volgograd has advanced industries in the fields of shipbuilding, iron and steel, petrochemical engineering, and food, possessing 9 institutions of higher learning, 7 theatres, and scores of libraries. With a history of more than 400 years, the city was first called Tsaritsyn, changed to Stalingrad in 1925, and changed again as Volgograd in 1961. It was famous for the Battle of Tsaritsyn in the Russian Civil War, and was world-renowned for the Battle of Stalingrad in the Great Patriotic War. The whole city was destroyed during the war and got reconstructed after the disaster. It was awarded the title Hero City for its heroism in 1945.
On September 18, 1998, Chengdu and Volgograd signed the Agreement of Friendly Cooperation. On May 27, 2011, the two cities formally signed the Sister City Agreement.