Kathmandu is the capital of Nepal and the political, economic and cultural center of the country. Located at the confluence of the Bagmati and Bishnumati Rivers, the city has an average elevation of 1,370 meters, an area of 51 square meters and a population of about 1.006 million. "Kathmandu" in Nepalese means "wood structure".
Kathmandu is surrounded by mountains and this unique geography give way to spring-like weather all year round, with constant sunshine, an annual average temperature of 20℃ and a verdant environment. Thus, it is renowned as a "paradise in the mountains" and a world-famous tourist destination.
With its plethora of artistic architectures and wooden and stone sculptures, Kathmandu is a symbol of Nepalese ancient culture. Over 2,700 temples and shrines of various sizes are scattered around the city, earning the city the monikers "city of temples" and "outdoor museum". In 1980, Kathmandu was listed by UNESCO as one of the 18 ancient cities in Asia for major preservation.
The handicraft industry of Kathmandu is well-developed, with main productions including religious items, natural gems, carpets and rugs, textiles and garments. Tourism and handicraft are the pillar industries of the city.